I know that many people would not want these warty cold blooded creatures in their gardens, but they serve a purpose eating all the insects and slugs that damage my garden plants. I seldom have slug or snail holes in my hosta leaves due to the toad patrol. If you would like to have toads in your garden, here are some suggestions.
1. Install a pond that has sloped sides that allow toads to easily enter the pond and toadlets to easily leave the pond.
2. Do not use chemical pesticides in your garden or use chemicals in your pond water.
3. Toads like slow moving water. I turn my pumps off during the time I have tadpoles to keep them from getting into the filter system.
4. Add some pond plants to your pond for breeding purposes. The toads will attach their eggs to the plants.
5. Female toads prefer to lay their eggs in ponds without fish.
6. Tadpoles feed on plant material like algae. I do not clean my pond algae from my nursery pond during this time. The tadpoles feed on it and help maintain a good balance in the pond. When the tadpoles leave the pond they will now be feeding on animal material.
Did you know that one American Toad can eat up to 1,000 insects a day! They prefer snails, beetles, slugs and earthworms as part of their diet. Most animals will not eat toads due to a defensive chemicals in the toad's skin. This chemical is toxic to garden animals, humans and pets. Make sure that you always wash your hands after holding a toad and "no" they will not give you warts. However, don't be surprised as your toad population increases in your garden that you might see a garter snake arrive in your garden. Garter snakes can eat toads. Just remember that a garter snake can also serve a purpose in your garden! Maybe that will be a post for another day.
The Creative Gardener